史蹟揭露欧洲动物园曾将人当做「稀有动物」展示,最终下场令人辛酸。

在1880年,一位挪威学者雅各森(Jacobsen) 说服因纽特人 (Inuit,美国原住民之一) 阿伯拉罕 (Abraham) 一家人到欧洲柏林动物园被当做是「稀有动物展览品」,交换条件是可以免费带他们到欧洲观光,且替他们偿还欠下基督传道士的480元台币 (£10英镑) 债款。 wikiepdia   然

May 19, 2015
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在1880年,一位挪威学者雅各森(Jacobsen) 说服因纽特人 (Inuit,美国原住民之一) 阿伯拉罕 (Abraham) 一家人到欧洲柏林动物园被当做是「稀有动物展览品」,交换条件是可以免费带他们到欧洲观光,且替他们偿还欠下基督传道士的480元台币 (£10英镑) 债款。

A Norwegian scholar named Johan Adrian Jacobsen convinced Abraham to be part of his exhibit at the Berlin Zoo, telling the Inuit he would be given enough money to pay his £10 debt to Christian missionaries.
 
然而阿伯拉罕一家在却在欧洲罹患水痘,一家人的观光梦想至死前都没有实现,甚至在百年之后,他们的骨骸才被发现。

 

阿伯拉罕和妻子及2个女儿搭船前来欧洲,同行的还有另一个因纽特人家族,他们在1880年9月24日这天抵达德国汉堡,在被当做是展览品展了3个月后,另一家人的15岁女儿忽然死亡,一周后女孩妈妈也接着过世。他们的死因皆为水痘。

Abraham, his wife, and two young daughters boarded a schooner with another Inuit family and arrived in Hamburg on September 24, 1880. After touring around as an exhibit for three months, the other family's 15-year-old daughter suddenly died. A week later, her mother also mysteriously perished.

 

 根据法律,说服他们前来的雅各森应该要替他们接种水痘疫苗,但显然他忘得一干二净。他们最后到了法国巴黎展览,但在1月16日两家人相继死亡,只剩下阿伯拉罕的妻子独自存活。

The cause of death was smallpox. Jacobsen was supposed to have the Inuits vaccinated before entering Germany (as is the law), but he apparently had forgotten. Their tour made it to Paris, but by January 16, all the members of both families died. Abraham's wife Ulrik was the last.
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阿伯拉罕虽然被当作动物一样被展示,但他其实非常喜欢文学,是个虔诚基督教徒且热爱小提琴。他在展览期间写下了日记,并将它和随身物品一同寄回拉布拉多半岛,但死去家人的尸骨却从此失踪,直到最近才被发现。

Despite being exhibited like an animal, Abraham was actually a literate man, a devout Christian, and an accomplished violinist. He wrote a diary about his time in Europe, which was sent back to Labrador with his belongings. The bodies of the Inuit families, however, were lost until fairly recently.

 

阿伯拉罕的尸骨在2014年被发现位于欧洲的法国自然历史博物馆,而法国和加拿大两国也积极打算将阿伯拉罕送回家。拉布拉多半岛的相关单位表示,他们仍在思考什么是对阿伯拉罕尸骨的最好安排,也希望能借此改正过去的过错,也希望当初欧洲这种非人权的做法可以永不再出现。 

Abraham Ulrikab's body was found in 2014 in the French Natural History Museum. There are plans in the works to send the remains back to his home, with both the French and Canadian governments offering to assist.

来源:ViralNoval

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原来欧洲历史曾有一段这么伤心的过去,快把这篇文章分享出去,让类似侮蔑人权的事件不要再发生了!

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