史蹟揭露歐洲動物園曾將人當做「稀有動物」展示,最終下場令人辛酸。

在1880年,一位挪威學者雅各森(Jacobsen) 說服因紐特人 (Inuit,美國原住民之一) 阿伯拉罕 (Abraham) 一家人到歐洲柏林動物園被當做是「稀有動物展覽品」,交換條件是可以免費帶他們到歐洲觀光,且替他們償還欠下基督傳道士的480元台幣 (£10英鎊) 債款。 wikiepdia   然

May 19, 2015
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在1880年,一位挪威學者雅各森(Jacobsen) 說服因紐特人 (Inuit,美國原住民之一) 阿伯拉罕 (Abraham) 一家人到歐洲柏林動物園被當做是「稀有動物展覽品」,交換條件是可以免費帶他們到歐洲觀光,且替他們償還欠下基督傳道士的480元台幣 (£10英鎊) 債款。

A Norwegian scholar named Johan Adrian Jacobsen convinced Abraham to be part of his exhibit at the Berlin Zoo, telling the Inuit he would be given enough money to pay his £10 debt to Christian missionaries.
 
然而阿伯拉罕一家在卻在歐洲罹患水痘,一家人的觀光夢想至死前都沒有實現,甚至在百年之後,他們的骨骸才被發現。

 

阿伯拉罕和妻子及2個女兒搭船前來歐洲,同行的還有另一個因紐特人家族,他們在1880年9月24日這天抵達德國漢堡,在被當做是展覽品展了3個月後,另一家人的15歲女兒忽然死亡,一周後女孩媽媽也接著過世。他們的死因皆為水痘。

Abraham, his wife, and two young daughters boarded a schooner with another Inuit family and arrived in Hamburg on September 24, 1880. After touring around as an exhibit for three months, the other family's 15-year-old daughter suddenly died. A week later, her mother also mysteriously perished.

 

 根據法律,說服他們前來的雅各森應該要替他們接種水痘疫苗,但顯然他忘得一乾二淨。他們最後到了法國巴黎展覽,但在1月16日兩家人相繼死亡,只剩下阿伯拉罕的妻子獨自存活。

The cause of death was smallpox. Jacobsen was supposed to have the Inuits vaccinated before entering Germany (as is the law), but he apparently had forgotten. Their tour made it to Paris, but by January 16, all the members of both families died. Abraham's wife Ulrik was the last.
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阿伯拉罕雖然被當作動物一樣被展示,但他其實非常喜歡文學,是個虔誠基督教徒且熱愛小提琴。他在展覽期間寫下了日記,並將它和隨身物品一同寄回拉布拉多半島,但死去家人的屍骨卻從此失蹤,直到最近才被發現。

Despite being exhibited like an animal, Abraham was actually a literate man, a devout Christian, and an accomplished violinist. He wrote a diary about his time in Europe, which was sent back to Labrador with his belongings. The bodies of the Inuit families, however, were lost until fairly recently.

 

阿伯拉罕的屍骨在2014年被發現位於歐洲的法國自然歷史博物館,而法國和加拿大兩國也積極打算將阿伯拉罕送回家。拉布拉多半島的相關單位表示,他們仍在思考什麼是對阿伯拉罕屍骨的最好安排,也希望能藉此改正過去的過錯,也希望當初歐洲這種非人權的做法可以永不再出現。 

Abraham Ulrikab's body was found in 2014 in the French Natural History Museum. There are plans in the works to send the remains back to his home, with both the French and Canadian governments offering to assist.

來源:ViralNoval

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