他在21岁因忧郁症自杀「把一半脸轰掉」,10年后「56小时换脸手术」他变帅找回快乐人生!

美国男子桑尼斯 (Andy Sandness) 在21岁时,因为患有重度忧郁,起了自杀念头的他向自己的下巴开枪。他被送到医院后,在医生的抢救下捡回一命。但他的面容全毁,没有了鼻子、下巴和一部份的嘴巴。他左眼的视力出现问题,口腔也只剩两颗牙齿。事实上开枪后他马上就后悔了

February 26, 2017
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美国男子桑尼斯 (Andy Sandness) 在21岁时,因为患有重度忧郁,起了自杀念头的他向自己的下巴开枪。他被送到医院后,在医生的抢救下捡回一命。但他的面容全毁,没有了鼻子、下巴和一部份的嘴巴。他左眼的视力出现问题,口腔也只剩两颗牙齿。事实上开枪后他马上就后悔了,知道自己还想继续活在世界上。

(自杀前)

 

当时,他在短短4个月内,做了8次大型手术,以腿和臀部组织重建下巴。可是手术过后,他的容貌常常引来人们恐惧的目光,让他无法维持正常的社交。最后,他在绝望下搬到山上,一个人以钓鱼和打猎维生。此外,因为他的嘴巴太小,每次进食都必需要先用手撕开食物,而人工鼻也常常掉了下来。

 

在2012年,他接到了一通来自明尼苏达州梅奥医院的外科医生马尔帝尼 (Dr. Samir Mardini) 的电话,提议他接受脸部植脸手术。在3年严格的身心评估后,他于去年一月正式接受换脸。而换脸的对象,是吞枪自杀死亡的男子罗斯 (Calen Ross),他跟桑尼斯在同一个年龄自杀,也就是21岁。

This undated photo provided by his wife, Lilly, shows Calen "Rudy" Ross. In June 2016, he died of a self-inflicted gun shot. When agreeing to a donation for a face transplant, Lilly thought of her baby son. "The reason that I decided to ... go through with it was so that I can later down the road show Leonard what his dad had done to help somebody," she said in a video produced by LifeSource, a nonprofit group that works with families in the upper Midwest to facilitate organ and tissue donation. (Courtesy Lilly Ross via AP)
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罗斯的遗孀莉莉 (Lilly) 本来对捐脸的事非常抗拒,因为不想在路上看到「亡夫」。不过她最后想到了两人的儿子,希望可以让儿子知道父亲如何帮助其他人、拯救他人的生命,所以接受了亡夫捐赠器官的遗愿。

This undated photo provided by his wife, Lilly, shows Calen "Rudy" Ross. In June 2016, he died of a self-inflicted gun shot. He had designated he wanted to be an organ donor, but when the idea was brought to Lilly about a donation for a face transplant, she says, "I was skeptical at first. ... I didn't want to walk around and all of a sudden see Calen." She was reassured the donor had his own eyes and forehead and would not be recognizable as her husband. After consulting with her husband's best friend, she gave her consent. (Courtesy Lilly Ross via AP)

 

去年6月,外科医生马尔帝尼和一共60人的精英医疗团队,为桑尼斯进行换脸手术,把罗斯的嘴、鼻、双颊、牙齿和下巴移植到桑尼斯脸上,整个工程用了超过56个小时,医护人员只可以轮流休息几个小时。

Intricate and complicated: The medical team performs the face transplant surgery, The surgery that started shortly before midnight Friday was over early on Monday morning - 56 hours later

 

Intense: It took about 24 hours to procure the donor's face, which involved taking bone, muscle, skin and nerves, and almost the same time to prepare the recipient. His entire face was rebuilt below his eyes, taking an additional 32 hours. The medical team rotated, taking four-hour breaks through the weekend

 

Hard work pays off: Dr. Mardini and his team devoted more than 50 Saturdays over 3 1/2 years to rehearsing the procedure, using sets of cadaver heads to transplant the face of one to another
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换脸手术后,桑尼斯又惊又喜,从来没有想到有一天自己可以重新拥有一个正常的脸。医疗团队则表示,手术最困难的地方,就是把脸部细微的神经连接起来,并以电流刺激它,使它可能正常运作。

Getting back to normal: Dr. Samir Mardini shaves Andy Sandness, days after leading a team that performed the first face transplant surgery at the hospital

 

Rest and recovery: Dr. Samir Mardini checks on his patient, Andy Sandness, days after leading a team that performed the first face transplant surgery at the medical center. Sandness, who was sedated for several days, wasn't allowed to see himself immediately

 

Preparations for the operation: Andy Sandness talks with his father, Reed Sandness, and Dr. Samir Mardini, before the 60-strong team went to work in June of 2016. In the process leading up to the surgery, Mardini tried to temper his patient's enthusiasm. 'Think very hard about this,' he said. Only a few dozen transplants have been done around the world'

 

虽然还未能正常地说话,但兴奋的他在笔记本上写道:「这远远超过我的期待!」捐赠者的妻子莉莉也有和他通信,不但祝贺他手术成功,也惊讶地表示两人非常相似:「桑尼斯适应得很好,看起来很帅!我很高兴他能找回自己的人生。」

Before his transformation: This picture taken at the Mayo Clinic in June of 2016 shows the progress surgeons had made on him over the past decade since he tried to end his life by shooting himself in the head before Christmas in 2006
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Checkups: Andy Sandness has his face checked during an appointment with physical therapist Helga Smars at Mayo Clinic in Rochester late last month

 

Close friendship: Dr. Samir Mardini shows Andy Sandness photos of his children on his smartphone before Sandness' face transplant surgery. Over the years, the two say they've become as close as brothers

 

事实上,医生马尔帝尼10年来一直为桑尼斯寻找治疗的办法,两人早就建立起深厚的友谊,在手术成功后激动地相拥。

Unbreakable bond: Andy is hugged by Dr. Samir Mardini after another follow up procedure at the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota in January 

 

在3个礼拜后,皮肤慢慢连接起来,当他看到镜子里的自己时,非常难以置信地抚摸自己原本无法张大的嘴巴。「当你失去了一生所拥有的东西,以为再也无法取回,但有一天突然再次拥有,这种感觉真的一辈子也忘不了。」

Staggering transformation: Face transplant recipient Andy Sandness attends a speech therapy appointment at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota on January 27 - seven months after his face transplant operation was hailed a success 
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Re-adjustment: Andy Sandness looks in a mirror during an appointment with physical therapist Helga Smars at the Mayo Clinic. He wasn't allowed to see himself immediately after the surgery. His room mirror and cell phone were removed. When he finally did see his face after three weeks later, he was overwhelmed

 

Pleased with the results: Andy's facial muscles are growing stronger and he is receiving speech therapy to learn to use his tongue in a new mouth and jaw and enunciate clearly. He's thrilled to smell again, breathe normally and be eating foods that were off-limits for a decade: apples, steak and pizza that he has shared with his doctors

 

手术的3个月后,他跟一个小男孩和妈妈搭乘升降机,发现男孩看了他一眼后,没有表现出恐惧,也没有被吓到后紧张地问妈妈任何事。这时候他就知道,自己已经活过来了。而现在31岁的他,不但有正常的社交生活,可以大口大口地吃披萨和牛排,也能观赏心爱的曲棍球比赛。

In this Jan. 25, 2017, photo, face transplant recipient Andy Sandness walks to the Saint Marys Hospital campus at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Min. Sandness can pinpoint the day he looked normal. About three months after the procedure, he was in an elevator with a little boy who glanced at him, then turned to his mother without appearing scared or saying anything. "I knew then," he says, "that the surgery was a success." (AP Photo/Charlie Neibergall)

 

In this Jan. 25, 2017 photo, face transplant recipient Andy Sandness looks over the Saint Marys Hospital campus at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. Sandness, the first to receive a face transplant at the medical center, has the nose, cheeks, mouth, lips, jaw and chin of his donor, Calen "Rudy" Ross. (AP Photo/Charlie Neibergall)
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来源 : Metro|Dailymail|People

在两次沉重的打击后仍能坚强地面对手术,他真的是非常勇敢呢!

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