他在21歲因憂鬱症自殺「把一半臉轟掉」,10年後「56小時換臉手術」他變帥找回快樂人生!

美國男子桑尼斯 (Andy Sandness) 在21歲時,因為患有重度憂鬱,起了自殺念頭的他向自己的下巴開槍。他被送到醫院後,在醫生的搶救下撿回一命。但他的面容全毀,沒有了鼻子、下巴和一部份的嘴巴。他左眼的視力出現問題,口腔也只剩兩顆牙齒。事實上開槍後他馬上就後悔了

February 26, 2017
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美國男子桑尼斯 (Andy Sandness) 在21歲時,因為患有重度憂鬱,起了自殺念頭的他向自己的下巴開槍。他被送到醫院後,在醫生的搶救下撿回一命。但他的面容全毀,沒有了鼻子、下巴和一部份的嘴巴。他左眼的視力出現問題,口腔也只剩兩顆牙齒。事實上開槍後他馬上就後悔了,知道自己還想繼續活在世界上。

(自殺前)

 

當時,他在短短4個月內,做了8次大型手術,以腿和臀部組織重建下巴。可是手術過後,他的容貌常常引來人們恐懼的目光,讓他無法維持正常的社交。最後,他在絕望下搬到山上,一個人以釣魚和打獵維生。此外,因為他的嘴巴太小,每次進食都必需要先用手撕開食物,而人工鼻也常常掉了下來。

 

在2012年,他接到了一通來自明尼蘇達州梅奧醫院的外科醫生馬爾帝尼 (Dr. Samir Mardini) 的電話,提議他接受臉部植臉手術。在3年嚴格的身心評估後,他於去年一月正式接受換臉。而換臉的對象,是吞槍自殺死亡的男子羅斯 (Calen Ross),他跟桑尼斯在同一個年齡自殺,也就是21歲。

This undated photo provided by his wife, Lilly, shows Calen "Rudy" Ross. In June 2016, he died of a self-inflicted gun shot. When agreeing to a donation for a face transplant, Lilly thought of her baby son. "The reason that I decided to ... go through with it was so that I can later down the road show Leonard what his dad had done to help somebody," she said in a video produced by LifeSource, a nonprofit group that works with families in the upper Midwest to facilitate organ and tissue donation. (Courtesy Lilly Ross via AP)
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羅斯的遺孀莉莉 (Lilly) 本來對捐臉的事非常抗拒,因為不想在路上看到「亡夫」。不過她最後想到了兩人的兒子,希望可以讓兒子知道父親如何幫助其他人、拯救他人的生命,所以接受了亡夫捐贈器官的遺願。

This undated photo provided by his wife, Lilly, shows Calen "Rudy" Ross. In June 2016, he died of a self-inflicted gun shot. He had designated he wanted to be an organ donor, but when the idea was brought to Lilly about a donation for a face transplant, she says, "I was skeptical at first. ... I didn't want to walk around and all of a sudden see Calen." She was reassured the donor had his own eyes and forehead and would not be recognizable as her husband. After consulting with her husband's best friend, she gave her consent. (Courtesy Lilly Ross via AP)

 

去年6月,外科醫生馬爾帝尼和一共60人的精英醫療團隊,為桑尼斯進行換臉手術,把羅斯的嘴、鼻、雙頰、牙齒和下巴移植到桑尼斯臉上,整個工程用了超過56個小時,醫護人員只可以輪流休息幾個小時。

Intricate and complicated: The medical team performs the face transplant surgery, The surgery that started shortly before midnight Friday was over early on Monday morning - 56 hours later

 

Intense: It took about 24 hours to procure the donor's face, which involved taking bone, muscle, skin and nerves, and almost the same time to prepare the recipient. His entire face was rebuilt below his eyes, taking an additional 32 hours. The medical team rotated, taking four-hour breaks through the weekend

 

Hard work pays off: Dr. Mardini and his team devoted more than 50 Saturdays over 3 1/2 years to rehearsing the procedure, using sets of cadaver heads to transplant the face of one to another
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換臉手術後,桑尼斯又驚又喜,從來沒有想到有一天自己可以重新擁有一個正常的臉。醫療團隊則表示,手術最困難的地方,就是把臉部細微的神經連接起來,並以電流刺激它,使它可能正常運作。

Getting back to normal: Dr. Samir Mardini shaves Andy Sandness, days after leading a team that performed the first face transplant surgery at the hospital

 

Rest and recovery: Dr. Samir Mardini checks on his patient, Andy Sandness, days after leading a team that performed the first face transplant surgery at the medical center. Sandness, who was sedated for several days, wasn't allowed to see himself immediately

 

Preparations for the operation: Andy Sandness talks with his father, Reed Sandness, and Dr. Samir Mardini, before the 60-strong team went to work in June of 2016. In the process leading up to the surgery, Mardini tried to temper his patient's enthusiasm. 'Think very hard about this,' he said. Only a few dozen transplants have been done around the world'

 

雖然還未能正常地說話,但興奮的他在筆記本上寫道:「這遠遠超過我的期待!」捐贈者的妻子莉莉也有和他通信,不但祝賀他手術成功,也驚訝地表示兩人非常相似:「桑尼斯適應得很好,看起來很帥!我很高興他能找回自己的人生。」

Before his transformation: This picture taken at the Mayo Clinic in June of 2016 shows the progress surgeons had made on him over the past decade since he tried to end his life by shooting himself in the head before Christmas in 2006
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Checkups: Andy Sandness has his face checked during an appointment with physical therapist Helga Smars at Mayo Clinic in Rochester late last month

 

Close friendship: Dr. Samir Mardini shows Andy Sandness photos of his children on his smartphone before Sandness' face transplant surgery. Over the years, the two say they've become as close as brothers

 

事實上,醫生馬爾帝尼10年來一直為桑尼斯尋找治療的辦法,兩人早就建立起深厚的友誼,在手術成功後激動地相擁。

Unbreakable bond: Andy is hugged by Dr. Samir Mardini after another follow up procedure at the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota in January 

 

在3個禮拜後,皮膚慢慢連接起來,當他看到鏡子裡的自己時,非常難以置信地撫摸自己原本無法張大的嘴巴。「當你失去了一生所擁有的東西,以為再也無法取回,但有一天突然再次擁有,這種感覺真的一輩子也忘不了。」

Staggering transformation: Face transplant recipient Andy Sandness attends a speech therapy appointment at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota on January 27 - seven months after his face transplant operation was hailed a success 
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Re-adjustment: Andy Sandness looks in a mirror during an appointment with physical therapist Helga Smars at the Mayo Clinic. He wasn't allowed to see himself immediately after the surgery. His room mirror and cell phone were removed. When he finally did see his face after three weeks later, he was overwhelmed

 

Pleased with the results: Andy's facial muscles are growing stronger and he is receiving speech therapy to learn to use his tongue in a new mouth and jaw and enunciate clearly. He's thrilled to smell again, breathe normally and be eating foods that were off-limits for a decade: apples, steak and pizza that he has shared with his doctors

 

手術的3個月後,他跟一個小男孩和媽媽搭乘升降機,發現男孩看了他一眼後,沒有表現出恐懼,也沒有被嚇到後緊張地問媽媽任何事。這時候他就知道,自己已經活過來了。而現在31歲的他,不但有正常的社交生活,可以大口大口地吃披薩和牛排,也能觀賞心愛的曲棍球比賽。

In this Jan. 25, 2017, photo, face transplant recipient Andy Sandness walks to the Saint Marys Hospital campus at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Min. Sandness can pinpoint the day he looked normal. About three months after the procedure, he was in an elevator with a little boy who glanced at him, then turned to his mother without appearing scared or saying anything. "I knew then," he says, "that the surgery was a success." (AP Photo/Charlie Neibergall)

 

In this Jan. 25, 2017 photo, face transplant recipient Andy Sandness looks over the Saint Marys Hospital campus at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. Sandness, the first to receive a face transplant at the medical center, has the nose, cheeks, mouth, lips, jaw and chin of his donor, Calen "Rudy" Ross. (AP Photo/Charlie Neibergall)
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來源 : Metro|Dailymail|People

在兩次沉重的打擊後仍能堅強地面對手術,他真的是非常勇敢呢!

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