15种「最丑深海异形生物」证明为什么你不该靠近海!#14「兔子鱼」其实有点萌!

俄罗斯科学家 Roman Fedortsov 最近花了三个月的时间,在世界各地海洋航行,研究深海生物,近日他在网路上分享数张看似异形但却来自海洋,各种奇形怪状、颜色鲜明独特的海洋生物照,引爆网友关注讨论!一起来看看! 1. 深海红鱼。   2. 黑安哥拉带鱼。 廣告   3. 北大西

May 4, 2017
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俄罗斯科学家 Roman Fedortsov 最近花了三个月的时间,在世界各地海洋航行,研究深海生物,近日他在网路上分享数张看似异形但却来自海洋,各种奇形怪状、颜色鲜明独特的海洋生物照,引爆网友关注讨论!一起来看看!

1. 深海红鱼。

Pictured: The deep water red fish is an abundant species typicaly found in the North Atlantic living at depths of between 300 and 1,000m. It is classified as pelagic meaning it lives far off the bottom. The deepwater redfish has internal fertilisation and spawns free-living larvae compared to most fishes that spawn unfertilised eggs

 

2. 黑安哥拉带鱼。

The black scabbardfish (aphanopus carbo) is an elongated predator fish that lives at depths of between 180 and 1,700m. It's coppery black colour is to help it remain camoflaged when hunting its prey which typically consists of crustaceans, cephalapods and other smaller fish
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3. 北大西洋狼鱼。

The Atlantic Wolffish (Anarhichadidae) hunts using lower and upper jaws equipped with four to six thick, fang-like, conical teeth preying on hardshell molluscs, crustaceans, and echinoderms

 

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5. 海蜘蛛。

There are more than 1,300 known species of sea spiders (pycnogonids) which mainly in the Mediterranean and Caribbean seas. Despite their names they bear no relation to arachnids, rather to chelicerates. Because of their small size no respiratory system is necessary, with gases moving by diffusion. An elongated appendage (proboscis) allows them to suck nutrients from soft-bodied invertebrates

 

6. 

Pictured right: The stoplight loosejaw dragonfish (commonly known as the rat-trap fish) are small, deep-sea creatures of the genus Malacosteus . They exist below 500m and have several groups of pharyngeal teeth that serve to direct prey down the esophagus. The stoplight loosejaw hunts using three photosphores surrounding its nostrils, the unsuspecting prey are attracted to the lights and quickly dispatched
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7. 黑柔骨鱼。

The stoplight loosejaw dragonfish (commonly known as the rat-trap fish) are small, deep-sea creatures of the genus Malacosteus. They exist below 500m and have several groups of pharyngeal teeth that serve to direct prey down the esophagus. The stoplight loosejaw hunts using three photosphores surrounding its nostrils, the unsuspecting prey are attracted to the lights and quickly dispatched

 

8. 南冰鱼

Right, grenadier fish (also known as rattails) are of the Macrouridae family and are among the most abundant deep sea fish. It lives in dense shoals at depths of about 600 to 900m and feeds on small invertebrates including shrimps, amphipods and cumaceans.

 

9. 皱鳃鲨。

Pictured right, the frilled shark (Chlamydoselachus anguineus) has been known to live at depths of almost 1,600m. It is referred to as a 'living fossil' and has a long, flexible body that can coil and attack prey with long, flexible jaws that swallow prey whole. It has rows of needle-like teeth that prevent prey escaping.

 

10. 团扇鳐。

Left, the Thornback ray (Raja clavata) , which lives at shallow depths of 10-60m in the coastal waters of Europe and the Atlantic coast, feed on crabs, shrimps and small fish
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11. 尖牙鱼。

Pictured: The fangtooth fish (Anoplogaster cornuta) has, proportionate to its size, the largest teeth of any fish in the ocean. The pelagic fangtooths are among the deepest-living fish, found as far as 5,000m however they are more commonly found found between 200 and 2,000m rising to higher depths during night hours to hunt under starlight

 

12. 象鲛。

 

13. 巨𩽾𩾌鱼。

Pictured: The giant monkfish (Lophius piscatorius) is native to Europe and a common catch for North Sea fishermen. It live in relatively shallow waters of between 800-1000m and have an enormously distensible stomach - which allows an individual monkfish to swallow prey as large as itself whole

 

14. 爪哇兔子鱼:其实还蛮可爱的?

Pictured: Rabbit fish (Chimaera monstrosa) lives at depths from 40 to 1,660m has a mildly venomous spine that causes painful sings. It is oviparous meaning it is found in small groups and feeds on bottom-living invertabrates
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15. 短印鱼。

Pictured: The remora fish (Echeneidae) have sucker-like organ that open and close to create suction to take a firm hold against the skin of larger marine animals including turtles, dewgongs and sharks

来源:DailyMail

他从小在身为渔夫的祖父与父亲身边,耳濡目染下也对海洋生物感兴趣,虽然网友们认为这些海洋生物在比丑,但他觉得,「牠们都有各自美丽独一无二的特点。」

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